CALENDAR
January 2014
M T W T F S S
« Dec    
 12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031  

Biology

Biomimicry How We Discover From Dynamics

Biomimicry

Want to occur up with a fantastic new invention? Properly seem no further than the conclusion of your respective garden and you also just may possibly make yourself a fortune. Below are a few examples of Biomimicry (inventions that imitate biological methods).

one. Probably the top identified of all, Velcro invented by George de Mestral (a Swiss engineer) who came up together with the concept immediately after noticing that burrs stuck to his canine fur. He examined the burrs less than a microscope and observed that the burrs experienced a tiny hook within the finish of every spine. Hey Presto velcro was born!

2. Self cleansing paints centered around the surface of a lotus leaf. When it rains the normal water runs straight away cleaning the surface because it goes.

three. Scientists on the University of Arizona are attempting to produce a tiny molecular sized sun mobile by learning leaves and identifying how the seize strength. The tiny tissues will mimic the way in which which the leaf photosynthsizes to create an incredible new electricity base. Bye bye ugly searching huge pv panels.

four. Suction Cups (a very early illustration of Biomimicry) have been based for the suckers located on Octopus tentacles.

5. An office complicated in Zimbabwe has produced a radical new extremely successful air conditioning process depending on termite nests which control to take care of the temperature of their nests to within one degree Celsius despite enormous variations in external temperature

6. Plastics that heal themselves. Replicating the human human bodys unbelievable healing power, plastics are currently being created which release epoxy resin when stressed forming an incredibly powerful restore. Obvious likely employs contain aeroplanes, boats and automobiles with an improved lifespan.

The name biomimicry was only coined in the 1990s but you may be shocked to listen to that the initial artificial suction cups had been applied above 2000 many years ago. It appears to be being a phenomenon which is gathering pace although And I for a single will be keen to determine what amazing details we now have yet to find out from the globe all-around us.

About Potassium Humate

Potassium_Humate_Shiny_Powder (1)

What is potassium humate

Potassium humate is one of important humate acid salts,which is always called humate,is the final product when leonardite or lignite treated with alkaline.

Difference between humic acid and humate

Humic acid has big molecule weight and not soluble in water,slightly soluble in alkalin solution.

Humate is salt of humic acid is complete soluble in water

In order to be soluble, humates in raw form such as lignite or leonardite must go through an alkaline extraction process. Any of the salts like potassium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide or ammonium hydroxide can be used as the extractant. The potassium hydroxide extracted form is preferred for fertilizing application as potassium hydroxide (the extractant) is acceptable to many of the organic registration bodies while sodium hydroxide and ammonium hydroxide are not. Due to the low use rate of soluble humates they are not used as a main source of potassium for crops. The potassium is only there as a result of the extractant used. We do not advise increasing the level of potassium beyond what is already in our product as it will raise the pH and place the product in the Dangerous Goods category for transport which is much more costly. If you require potassium for the crop we recommend using normal potassium sulfate applied with a 5% inclusion of Soluble Humate Granules.

Manufacturing process

1.raw material

1.1 Select leonardite or lignite

1.2Natural oxidization for more than 3month

1.3Crushing into fine powder

2.Chemical reaction

2.1Supply raw material to reaction tank

2.2Treat humic acid raw material with alkaline (KOH) at certain ratio under high pressure and temperature,complete reaction.

3.Sedimentation

Transfer the dilution into first-sedimentation tank keep still for sometime separate humin and other impurities,then pump into second sedimentation tank.

4.Filtering

Pump the dilution after sedimentation into centrifugal constantly to get high purity humate liquid.

5.Three type of Drying

5.1Flake type through rolling drying machine

5.2Powder type through spray tower.

5.3Solar drying into crystal form

Functions

1.Could be used as additive for fertilizer to promote plants growth and increase soil fertility.

2.Animal feed .For poultry fish crab and so on

3.Industrial use.Used as coke binder

4.Ceramics additive

5.Oil drilling agent

Guidance for agriculture use

Potassium humate is strongly recommended used with Urea MAP DAP and MKP. Potassium humate could largely stabilize nitrogen and release lock up phosphorus in soil and increase soil water holding capacity,also will help to create optimal structure of soil for plants to absorb micro elements and other nutrients,block the heavy metals absorbed by plants thus stopped transfer to human.

Application Dosage 5% of the total blend.

Planning To Take Your Kids Out? How About Horses In The Sea?

Horses In The Sea

Horses in the sea? Well, you might be thinking that this is a stupid article or an error, but what we are actually talking to you is about seahorses. Seahorse is a tiny fish with the head of a horse and a tail like a monkey. Although, they look like a horse, they are actually fishes with fins and gills just like other fishes, breathe underwater and as an upright position. The unbelievable shape and structure of these unique fishes would make anyone love to get a glimpse of this extraordinary creature.

Seahorses can be found both in temperate as well as tropical waters and are usually found in various parts of the world. It might be surprising to know that once upon a time no one knew about them, but today most of them have been successfully kept in saltwater aquariums. A lot of Seahorse species have been shown to be endangered or is it a risk of becoming extinct in the near future. Hence, it becomes extremely important for you to experience some of these amazing creatures.

You might also love to hear about some amazing facts on seahorses, and that they are under an assumption of extension in the near future. The drawf seahorse would definitely be an amazing thing to see and it looks quite funny too, but you need to see the Longsnout species that will make your jaws drop.

Some Facts You Never Knew About Seahorses

• Seahorses use their back fins (dorsal fins) to move forward. To move up or down the species adjust the air pressure in their swim bladders which means that there is an air pocket inside their bodies.

• You might find very small spine like plates covering the entire body of the species and come in different forms and colors.

• The tail of a Seahorse can hold objects which helps them to stabilize or anchor themselves near vegetation. This means that they park themselves near an object just like a ship does by putting down its anchor.

• The female Seahorse is responsible for laying a pack of eggs in a tiny pouch kept in the male seahorses abdomen. Just like the kangaroos pouch, seahorses carry their little ones in the pouch known as brood pouch in their abdomen.

• It takes 45 days for a young Seahorse egg to hatch, and is just the same size of an M&M. Once the eggs are hatched, the seahorses find other little ones and swim together in small groups by clinging to each other with the help of their tails.

• Unlike kangaroos, little seahorses are not allowed to return to their daddys pouch, but are expected to find their own food and protect themselves from predators as soon as they are born.

• Seahorses can be found as small as 1.5 inches and as big as 12 inches. The largest Seahorse is found in the Pacific Ocean with 12 inches in length.

• Seahorses eat through their tube-like nose, and usually restrict to eating tiny organisms.

• The best part about seahorses is that they can move each eye independently, which means that they can get multiple views around them. This is their secret of keeping themselves away from predators.

Seahorses are wonderful creatures and a must-see for every human being on earth. However, since most of us cannot go into the ocean to experience these wonderful creatures, one way that it can be done is to visit Sea Life. Sea life can give you real-time experience of these extraordinary creatures, and can educate your kids with facts that they never knew before.

All You Really Need to Know About Oceanic Acidification

Oceanic Acidification

What is Oceanic Acidification?

It may by no means be as well-known as the Cretaceous extinction the one which killed off the dinosaurs yet Oceanic acidification appears to be becoming a far worse issue. This is the denomination given to the ongoing decrease in the pH levels of the Earths oceans, brought on by the uptake of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. This rising acidity is believed to be having an array of undesired direct repercussions.

The Chemistry. As carbon dioxide (CO2) is absorbed by seawater, chemical reactions occur that decrease seawater pH and carbonate ion concentration. As the pH scale is logarithmic, this alteration corresponds to an approximate 30% rise in acidity. Long term predictions point out that the oceans will constantly absorb carbon dioxide and as a consequence become more and more acidic. Estimations of upcoming carbon dioxide amounts, based on standard emission scenarios, suggest that by the end of this century the waters of the ocean may be nearly 150% more acidic, a degree of acidity that the oceans havent suffered for more than 20 million years.

The Biological Impacts. Oceanic acidification is estimated to have a major effect on ocean species. Photosynthetic algae and sea grasses could derive benefit from higher CO2 levels in the ocean, simply because they require CO2 to live, just as plants on land do. However, research has shown that a substantially more acidic environment will have an impressive impact on a number of calcifying species, such as oysters, clams, coralson, and it is obvious that, once shelled organisms are at risk, the whole food chain is consequently at an increased risk. Nowadays, more than a billion people around the world depend on food from the ocean as their main source of protein intake, and many economies rely on the fish and shellfish in oceans.

A current issue. Oceanic acidification is a growing global problem. During the last decade, the marine science community has focused on analysing the potential effects of oceanic acidification. As continual endeavours keep track of oceanic acidification worldwide are only at the early stages, it is entirely impossible to predict precisely how the repercussions of oceanic acidification will cascade throughout the maritime food chain, and influence the general framework of aquatic ecosystems. With the rate of oceanic acidification accelerating, scientists and policy-makers are realisng the urgent need to reinforce the need for scientific research, as a foundation for effective decision making and action.

Kennewick Man

Kennewick Man
In 1996, two friends were trying to sneak into the annual hydroplane races in Kennewick, WA on the river between Kennewick and Pasco. In doing so, they found a skull in the shallow waters on the bank of the river. They reported it and soon nearly a whole skeleton was discovered.

It turned out to be the skull of a man who lived about 10,000 years ago and died at roughly the age of 50. It is one of the oldest full skeletons ever found (at least almost full). The discovery kindled a battle of lawyers between the American Indians in the area who claimed them as their ancestor, the Corp of Engineers, and the scientists who wanted to study the remains. No genetic justification was ever shown to connect Kennewick Man with any of the tribes in the area and so the appeals court held up earlier decisions that he could be studied.

Scientists were of course happy that they would get to study Kennewick Man, and so in the summer of 2005, many experts from around the country met in Seattle for ten days to study the remains. The scientists were able to find evidence of trauma, estimate his age at time of death, and of course how long ago he lived. It turns out that Kennewick Man most resembles Ainu or Polynesians of today, but he is far too tall to likely be of either ancestry. Kennewick Man is thought by some to be part of a now extinct tribe and so matches no current line of living relatives. This could also be due to the thought that around his time, the was a lot of gene mixing going on between races, and so the Kennewick Man may simply be the result of this mixing and so resembles no race today.

This find furthers the debate among scientists as to who was in America when. It was originally thought that there was only one main migration to North America from Asia thousands of years ago as hunting and gathering tribes followed game across the Bering Strait. But evidence such as Kennewick Man suggests that there may have been others, perhaps many. The biodiversity of the American Indians suggests that there may have been multiple lineages involved and therefore multiple migrations of different peoples. The genetic studies suggest that there was only one migration which soon split off into individual tribes that followed their own individual evolution.